the comprehensive hernia care centre

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This is a material used in the repair of a hernia, with the aim of creating a tension free repair. Mesh improves the outcome of the repair and reduces the recurrence rate of the hernia.

The use of mesh in hernia surgery

It is generally accepted that the use of mesh for hernia repair has resulted in clinically significant reduction of recurrence rate. i, ii
  1. Luijendijk RW, Hop WC, van den Tol MP, et al. A comparison of suture repair with mesh repair for incisional hernia. N Engl J Med. 2000;343:392–398
  2. Burger JW, Luijendijk RW, Hop WC, et al. Long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of suture versus mesh repair of incisional hernia. Ann Surg. 2004;240:578–583

The hernia recurrence rate has been further reduced with the use of mesh in conjunction of component separation techniques of hernia repair. iii, iv
  1. Butler CE, Campbell KT. Minimally invasive component separation with inlay bioprosthetic mesh (MICSIB) for complex abdominal wall reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;128:698–709.
  2. Novitsky YW, Elliott HL, Orenstein SB, et al. Transversus abdominis muscle release: a novel approach to posterior component separation during complex abdominal wall reconstruction. Am J Surg. 2012;204:709–716.

However, the large number of commercially available meshes has made it extremely challenging and onerous for surgeons to scientifically decide on the appropriate mesh for each hernia repair. The choice of mesh has to be objective, based on the desired properties of the mesh, as well as the operative surgical field conditions.

Mesh can be divided into two main groups:
  • Synthetic mesh
  • Biologic mesh.

Synthetic mesh

Synthetic meshes can be further divided into:
  • Permanent meshes
  • Absorbable meshes

Permanent Synthetic mesh

This type of hernia mesh does not degrade and therefore remains in the body permanently.

These meshes can be made from materials such as propylene, polyester and PTFE.
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Permanent synthetic mesh.
Types of Permanent synthetic meshes
Mesh nameCompanyMaterial
Prolene softEthiconPolypropylene
Ultrapro advancedEthiconPolypropylene
Bard MeshCR BardPolypropylene
Soft MeshCR BardPolypropylene
ProliteMaquet GettingePolypropylene
VitameshMaquet GettingePolypropylene
Vitamesh BlueMaquet GettingePolypropylene
Parietex LWMedtronicPolyester
DualMeshWL GoreePTFE
DualMesh PlusWL GoreePTFE
DulexWL GoreePTFE

Absorbable Synthetic Mesh

These meshes are a composite of polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA), tri methyl carbonate (TMC) and poly- 4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB). Their main advantage is their predictable degradation. Therefore, with time, no trace of the mesh will be left in the body.
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Absorbable mesh.
Types of Absorbable Synthetic mesh
MeshResorption Time
Vicryl2–3 months
Bio-A6 months
TIGR Martrix36 months
Phasix12–18 months

Biologic mesh

Derived from human, porcine or bovine tissues, these meshes are reabsorbed over time.
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Biologic absorbable mesh.


The use of mesh in hernia repair has been shown to improve the outcomes of hernia repair and reduce hernia recurrence rates.

However, complications have been reported associated with the use of mesh in hernia repairs.

These complications are influenced by the type of hernia repair, the environment of the repair, the type of mesh used and also the position of the mesh placement.

The complications reported included pain, infection, recurrence, adhesion, bowel obstruction, and perforation.

Clinical Associate Professor Hairul Ahmad 


Suite 12, Waikiki Specialist Centre,
221 Willmott Drive, Waikiki

Professor Jeff Hamdorf, AM

51 Hampden Road, Nedlands

Practice Details

Suite 12, Waikiki Specialist Centre,
221 Willmott Drive, Waikiki WA 6169
(08) 9592 2298
Fax: (08) 6314 1524

51 Hampden Road, Nedlands WA 6009
(08) 6424 8596
Fax: (08) 9389 1770

or email us

Office hours

9am–4pm Monday to Friday

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